Capt Henry Norman Austin QSA

1878 Dec 23. Born Baltonsborough, Somerset, England

1881 census at Tillham St Farm, Baltonsborough, Somerset.

1891 census at Tilham Street, Baltonsborough

1901 May 15. In Boer War. Corporal in 5 Queensland Imperial Bushmen. Accidentally Wounded - Severely on 15 May 1901 at Standerton, a town in the South African Republic (Standerton district; Mpumalanga), 60 km south-east of Bethal. The town and district provided burghers for a commando (Cmdt P. Muller, Cmdt J.J. Alberts, Cmdt J.A. Muller, Cmdt G.J. Engelbrecht). As Maj-Gen Lord Dundonald's 3rd mounted brigade entered the town on 22 June 1900, the Standerton and Heidelberg commandos retired after blowing up the railway bridge over the Vaal River and a quantity of railway material. Gen Sir R.H. Buller arrived on 23 June, the bulk of the Natal Army following a day later; on the railway line from Natal, Standerton became an important supply centre for Buller's next move. Until 7 August when the move north was restarted, the town remained his headquarters. Standerton was an important base for the refitting and resupply of British columns operating in the eastern Orange Free State as well as the south-eastern Transvaal. From the line of blockhouses along the Volksrust-Pretoria railway line, a line went from Standerton north-eastwards to Ermelo. It was the location for both white and black refugee concentration camps.

1904 Nov 24. Marries Charlotte Bremner in Wandsworth, London

1911 census at 341 Upper Richmond Road, Putney

1914 Nov 1. 8th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment; Henry Norman Austin to be Captain (temporary).

1915 Mar. Lands in France

1917 Jul 5. R Warwickshire Regt. Capt. (temp.) H. N. Austin to be Capt., with precedence as from 1st June 1916 next below Capt. A. White.

1919 Dec 11. Serving in British Military Mission in S Russia. The British Military Mission to South Russia was composed entirely of volunteers and the total size even in Feb 1920 was around 2000 men. I do not know though when he arrived in Russia. A "British Military Mission" was sent to the Crimea to train and equip White Russian forces. There was a small Tank Corps training detachment as well as soldiers with Mk V and Whippet tanks, they were forbidden from participating in any fighting but against orders they did on one occasion participate in the attack on Tsaritsyn in 1919, later known as Stalingrad. Another future Auxiliary E C Bruce won a DSO for this action. Bruce appears to have left Russia on or before Aug 14.

47 Squadron was sent to Novorossiisk from Salonika in April 1919. The party consisted of 21 officers plus ground crew, some of whom had served with 17 Squadron. All were "volunteers". And 47 squadron was officially disbanded 1 Oct 1919, though some RAF personnel stayed in a "non combatant" role

He has an Article in Army Quarterly, Jul 1935, of a journey to join Gen. Dragomiroff's Army Staff at Kiev. After a somewhat fraught journey by armoured trains, he reached the General at Festoff on 14 Dec. He met up with the only other British officers on this front - Dale and Ainger. They then retreated with the Russians, mainly by train, arriving back at Osessa on Dec 26th. He says that there were only 6 British Officers in Odessa plus the 3 of them on the train. Given he was "no. 4 Liaison Group" it appears to have included

1920 Feb 7. Odessa was evacuated by the Whites, who withdrew to Novorossisk. The British consul in Odessa remarked that the Russian army had degenerated into a rabble who were incapable of defending the town, though they were numerically superior.

Major-General, Chief of the British Military Mission to South Russia has service dates with that command from 22.5.1919 - 15.4.1920, which gives an idea of the time span. The British Military Mission started to prepare for the final evacuation of the Kuban in the middle of March. The whole personnel of the Mission were gradually transported to Novorossiisk and General Holman was the last to leave Ekaterinodar on 15 March − two days before the city fell to the Bolsheviks. The final evacuation would have been a complete disaster, had the British not been able to maintain order at the harbour and if the continuous gunfire of the Allied warships had not kept the Bolsheviks at bay. On 26 March the British Mission itself embarked on a steamer in good order under the protection of the bayonets of the Royal Scots. On the same evening Denikin and his staff boarded a British destroyer, the last one to leave Novorossiisk, as the Bolsheviks entered the city. The Armed Forces of South Russia were no more.

1920 Oct 14. Joined ADRIC with service no 726. Promoted DI3 and Intelligence Officer for H Coy

1921 Jan 3. Reverts to T/Cadet and ceases to be IO

1921 Mar 18 to 20 Jun 1921 on medical leave

1921 Jun 25. Discharged medically unfit - not due to service in ADRIC

1921 Nov 29. Relinquishes his commission. 8th Bn.R Warwick.Capt. H. N. Austin.

1923 Apr 21. Sails from UK to New York. He is a retired army officer. The manifest notes a shortened left leg from war injury. He has a wife in Glastonbury and is "in transit " at New York

1923 May 14. Arrives in UK from New York. Retired Army Officer with same address as MIC. Travels 3rd Class, lives in England.

1936 Feb 1. It seems that he and his future wife, Dora Josephine Bright, were partners in the Azure Cafe in King George's Place, Maldon.

NOTICE is hereby given that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us, the undersigned, Henrv Norman Austin, Gladys Marguerite Bunting: and Dora Josephine Bright, carrying on business as the Azure Cafe, at 10, King George's Place, High Street, Maldon, in the county of Essex, under the style or firm of The AZURE CAFE, was dissolved as and from the 25th day of January, 1936, by mutual consent so far as the said Gladys Marguerite Bunting is concerned. The remaining partners will continue to carry on the said business and discharge all the liabilities in connection therewith.

1937 Marries in Chelmsford to Dora J Bright

1937 Sep there's a Capt H.N. Austin of Bramble Rise, Danbury involved in a collision while driving with a lady passenger from Maldon to Danbury. Apparently at Box Iron Cottage corner due to an oncoming lorry on the wrong side of the road. It was a very dangerous bend. The cottage has now gone and the road re-directed. The section mentioned is now a field.

1939 Register at Longwood , Chelmsford with wife Dora J Austin. A retired army officer.

1971 Oct/Dec Died Chelmsford, Essex