2nd Lt Jack Ernest Selwyn Hollway MM, M'Sex Regt

 

1899 Aug 19. Born Calcutta, India. Son of Henry Frederick Hollway and Hastie Felicia Short. Both his parents were born in, and died in, India. His father was an "indigo planter" on his marriage certificate

Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue colour. Historically, indigo was a natural dye extracted from plants, and this process was important economically because blue dyes were once rare. Nearly all indigo dye produced today – several thousand tons each year – is synthetic. It is the blue of blue jeans. In 1897, 19,000 tons of indigo were produced from plant sources. Largely due to advances in organic chemistry, production by natural sources dropped to 1,000 tons by 1914 and continued to contract. These advances can be traced to 1865 when the German chemist Adolf von Baeyer began working on the synthesis of indigo.

1899 Sep 26. Baptised at Mussoorie, Bengal, India,

1917 At Ratnapura, Sabaragamuwa, Ceylon. Working Saffragan Rubber & Tea Co

1919 Mar 17. Service Battalions. The undermentioned Cadets to be temp. 2nd Lts . under the provisions of the Royal Warrant dated 30th Dec. 1918 , promulgated in Army Order 42 o f 1919 : Jack Ernest Hollway, Middlesex Regt London Gazette . In other words he was commissioned on discharge

1919 Apr 10. The 45th and 46th Battalions The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) were raised at White City in London from men who volunteered for service in Russia. The British North Russian Relief Force was recruited from volunteers who had to be demobilised and discharged trained soldiers. The men had to be fully trained; fit for General Service; 19 years of age and over. Enlistment was for one year (or less if need be) with two months' paid leave at the end of service. The War Office placed an advertisement in The Times newspaper on April 10th 1919 calling for volunteers and the advance guard set sail the next day anticipating the ice on the Dvina River would melt between April 12th and 16th. The volunteers soon came forward and the 45th Royal Fusiliers were ready to depart by the end of May and served in the Archangel command.

1919 Jun 5. The relief force landed at Archangel on 5 June 1919, and began to deploy immediately, in the process relieving the original expeditionary force which had been in Russia since 1918. By July 1919, 45th Battalion had moved 240 kilometres towards the front line. They engaged the enemy 200 miles South of Archangel in numerous "non-defensive" fights including North of Empsta in August 1919 and a rear-guard action at the Sheila River in September. The attack on Emptsa was undertaken to enable White forces to consolidate their positions before the final British withdrawal

1919 Aug 10. 45th Royal Fusiliers had arrived at the Dvina front , where their brigade was to launch an attack to aid the evacuation of the last remaining members of the 1918 expeditionary force. His MM award was for actions in attack on the left bank of the River Dvina in which Cpl. Arthur Sullivan was awarded the Victoria Cross. Hollway's name is included on a list of awards for the attack published in the Brigade War Diary, I don't know if he was in Cpl Sullivan's Company. .For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on the 10th August 1919, at the Sheika River, North Russia. The platoon to which he belonged, after fighting a rearguard covering action, had to cross the river by means of a narrow plank and during the passage an officer and three men fell into a deep swamp. Without hesitation, under intense fire, Corporal Sullivan jumped into the river and rescued all four, bringing them out singly. But for this gallant action his comrades would undoubtedly have been drowned. It was a splendid example of heroism, as all ranks were on the point of exhaustion, and the enemy less than 100 yards distant.

Hollway's citation

1919 Sep. The evacuation of all forces was completed by late September and the North Russia Relief Force was demobilised upon their return to England.

1920 Jan 22 .The London Gazette: "His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Military Medal to the undermentioned Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men for bravery in the Field with the British Forces in North Russia... Royal Fusiliers 129157 Pte. Holloway [sic] J. E., 45th Bn. (London).(4th Supplement to the Gazette issue 31747 dated January 20th, published January 22nd 1920, pages 943 and 944). In October 1920 the London Gazette published a correction to the name: "London Gazette, dated 22nd January, 1920. 129157 Pte. J. E. Hollway, 45th Bn. R. Fus. (Gazetted as E Holloway.) (Gazette issue 32102, 26th October 1920). WO 372/23 "Medal card of Hollway J.E.".

1920 Oct 8. Joined ADRIC with service no 677. Posted to F Coy

1921 Jan 30 Admitted K George Mil Hospital, Dublin

1921 Apr 14 to May 14 . Medical Leave

1922 Jan 17. Discharged on demobilisation of ADRIC

1922 Jul/Sep Married in St Pancras, London to Marie L Arend

 

1961 Jan 11. Died Surrey. Cardiac failure

ADRIC