Capt Laurence Joseph Devereux, QSA, Lincolnshire Regt

This man's life is made difficult by the fact that he uses both Lawrence/Laurence and Devereux/Devereaux/Deveraux. And in addition took to adding Joseph to his name once he was commissioned.

1875 Nov 28. Born Wexford

Jim Condon in Medal Soc of Ireland article writes. No details of his early life survive, but it is known that he had a brother, Nicholas, who later lived in Craven Street, London. Laurence inferred that he had been educated at Clongowes Wood College, Co. Kildare - the premier Roman Catholic public school in Ireland - but this cannot be unequivocally confirmed. Certainly there was a Laurence Devereux at Clongowes from 1890-92 (when the subject of this story would have been between 15 and 17 years old), but school records do not contain enough information (such as birth dates) to allow for positive confirmation. The fact that he was credited with the 3rd Class certificate of education, dated 26 June 1896 - before he joined the army - suggests that he was better educated than the average private soldier of the day and, with other matters, helps to convince me that he was indeed at Clongowes.

1898 Aug 22. He enlisted as a private in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers He used the name Laurence Deveraux - and this is the name on his Boer War medal. His service no was. 6021. He was single, and had no trade or calling. He is a single clerk living at 65 Chantry Rd, Southampton. He has a brother Nicholas, but does not put down any n of k

1898 Nov 22. Posted to the 1st Battalion, and sailed with them to the Boer War. He was at Colenso (15 December 1899) and Inniskilling Hill : (23/24 February 1900). According to the Medal Roll of the Battalion, he served with 5 Brigade Mounted infantry and was invalided.

1898 Dec 9, appointed Lance Corporal

1899 Apr 26. Reverted to Private

1900 Aug 28. He was posted Home to the 3rd Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

1900 Oct 22. Transferred to the newly formed Irish Guards as number 455. In the Irish Guards, he is referred to as Lawrence Devereaux and Laurence Devereux, and when commissioned he adds the name Joseph.

1900 Nov 22. He sailed to Australia. The first official duty carried out by the new regiment was to provide a party of twenty-seven men under a Lieutenant McAlmont - with Devereux one of the twenty-four Guardsmen (there was also a Sergeant and a Drummer) - to take part in a ceremony marking the creation of the new Commonwealth of Australia. They sailed on the SS Britannic and returned to England on 22 April 1901.

On his return, Devereux applied to be posted back to the Inniskillings. His CO declined to let him go saying,“… His character is Fair. I do not recommend this transfer, as he has been in long enough to make up his mind, and has been furnished with his issue of clothing.”

1903 Jun 5. Devereux posted to the Military Foot Police as a probationer.

1903 Sep 4. He was permanently posted to the Police as a Lance Corporal, with the number 742. He was initially posted to 2 Brigade

1912 Posted to 2nd battalion The Royal Irish Fusiliers

1912 Jun 18 Discharged from the Army

1914 Dec 14. Service Battalions. The undermentioned to be temporary Lieutenants: — Laurence Joseph Devereux. Attached to 6th (Service) Battalion the Lincolnshire Regiment, at Grantham. He described himself as single, gave no occupation, and The Veterans’ Club, Holborn, as his address. As well as his army service pre WW1 he claimed service with the Mashonaland Mounted Police. This is odd in that he has gone from a nondescript career as a Private for 14 years to a commission as Lieutenant, apparently by-passing 2nd Lt.

1915 May 25. Lieutenant L. J. Devereux, 9th (Reserve) Battalion, The Lincolnshire Regiment, is transferred .to the General List whilst employed with The King's African Rifles. He arrived in East Africa on 12 June.

A War Journal of the 5th battalion KAR records The (5th) Battalion was raised again in 1916 during the expansion of the KAR. It was the only battalion to remain a single battalion as it was intended for duty in Jubaland and the Northern Frontier District where it fought a tedious campaign against one Abduraman Marsaal who had raised his standard in revolt. The battalion was made up from the former Camel Company of the 3rd KAR then in Jubaland, one and a half companies of the 3rd KAR then in the Northern Frontier District, men from the Police Service Battalion, then being disbanded, Somali and other recruits from irregular forces.”

The the medical board report puts him in Jubaland from mid 1915, which means that he must have gone virtually straight there on arrival in Kenya. Jubaland is now part of southern Somalia. But between 1895, when the Sultanate of Zanzibar ceded all of its coastal possessions in continental East Africa to Britain and 1925, when Britain ceded it to Italy, Jubaland was part of the British East Africa colony.

1916 Sep 1. According to the History of 5 KAR (WO 106/279) Captain L.J. Devereux (General List, New Armies) served in 5 KAR from 1.9.16 to 13.11.17. It appears that he joined 5 KAR when it was raised. He was already in Jubaland so must have been part of the 3 KAR Camel Company already there in Jubaland. 5 KAR had an interesting time fighting cattle raiders and recalcitrants in the British East Africa (now Kenya) and Abyssinian border area.

1916 Oct 7 Promoted temp Captain.

1917 Jan 8. A Medical Board at the British General Hospital, Nairobi, found “… that this officer is suffering from the effects of numerous attacks of malaria during 19 month's service in Jubaland. The Board is of the opinion that he is at present unfit for service and recommend that he be invalided to England for further treatment.“

1917 Jun 9 Leaves UK for Kenya

1917 Feb 2. GHQ Dar-Es-Salaam wrote, on 2 February 1917, to the War Office. “… it is requested that this officer may be specially examined, and not sent back unless free from Malaria of which he appears to have had many attacks.“

1917 Feb 12, Devereux was granted four months leave, with pay at the rate of £400 a year and he reported his arrival, on 24 March, to the War Office, giving The Craven Hotel, Craven Street, London, as his address.

1917 Apr 28. A Medical Board at Caxton Hall (he now gave his address as the Russell Hotel) reported "He has served in Africa 20 Months and has had fever and Malaria some 15 or 16 months.… Present state. There is still some debility but no fever, and he should be permitted to complete his leave.“

1917 Jun. He returned to E Africa to Monti (Mtoni) Jubaland.

1917 Dec 31. He was at Tabora in Tanganyika with 2/6 KAR, and he applied to be posted back to the Lincolns “… I have been in this country (including BEA) since 12 June 1915, and find that I cannot learn to speak any native languages and I am no use on parade for that reason. I also find that I am not able for (sic) to stand the work in the tropical climate any longer...'' His CO approved this request, writing “I recommend this as, since his return from England, Capt Devereux has been of little use to the KAR. He originally went to Jubaland, and then at his own request was brought to Tabora, from where he was evacuated sick. He is 43 years of age and I do not think that he is up to the work in KAR.”

1918 Mar 27. GHQ East Africa advised the War Office that he was to be returned “by first available boat,” taking with him a complete set of the correspondence they held relating to him.

1918 Aug 18. Devereux returned to UK and reported his return to the War Office on 2 Sep

1918 Oct 18 A Medical Board at Caxton Hall opined “He was invalided home for repeated attacks of malaria true E Africa in 1916, and returned to duty there again in June 1917, where he has been serving up to the present. He came hone on 18th Aug 1918 on his application for service at Home. Has had slight malarial fever on board ship. He appears now as to minimal fitness for service. General health good. Is still subject to malarial attacks. No enlargement of liver or spleen. He is at present for Home service C 1/1 only.

1918 Nov 28. He was posted to 3rd (Reserve) Battalion The Lincolnshire Regiment at Victoria Barracks, Cork.

1919 Nov 28. He was demobilised, being described as single, and a gentleman, and giving his permanent address as c/o Cox & Co of Charing Cross.

1919 Jul 17. Linc. R. Temp Lt. L. J. Devereux relinquishes his commission on completion of service, and is granted the rank of Capt. In addition to the BWM and Victory medals, he was awarded the Africa General Service medal with clasp “Jubaland”.

1920 Sep 24 Joined ADRIC with service no 619

1920 Sep 25. Refused to attest, name struck off register.

1922 Mar 29. Joined British Gendarmerie section of Palestine Police as a Constable

1927 Aug 8. Died London Laurence Devereux aged 51. He died of Pernicious Anaemia, and there was no Post Mortem. His address was 17 Lime Grove, Shepherd's Bush, and he was a clerk with Kensington Borough Council. The informant was his unmarried sister "M Devereux, of 18 Edith Villas, West Kensington"