The Second Court of Enquiry into the Burning of Cork - the Strickland Report
- K Coy based at Victoria Barracks
- Latimer based at Imperial Hotel
- Army Curfew Officer at Bridewell
- K Coys raids were in Grattan St
- The main shops burnt are marked on Patrick St
- Grants @ 21.30
- Cashs and Munster @ 23.30
- City Hall @ 04.00
Map of Cork showing the main points mentioned by enquiry witnesses. The distances are short, see 200 meters to scale on map
1920 Dec 16. The Second Court of Enquiry sits and takes statements over 5 days from 38 witnesses (including re-examining some of the earlier witness from the first enquiry. 6 were from ADRIC, and these were
Evidence was taken from 6 ADRIC men
DI1 OW Latimer - his evidence in full The main points of his evidence are
- K Coy was composed of 3 platoons. Plus a HQ unit of himself, his 2nd in command, his Intelligence officer, 8 T/Cadet motor drivers, 5 other Admin T/Cadets and 17 T/Constables (batmen, cooks, etc)
- The T/constables only had rifles, not revolvers
- All T/Cadets wore a khaki uniform with a green Glengarry Cap
- All T/Constables wore a khaki uniform with a service dress cap
- On his figures he would have 3 platoons totaling 9 sections, each with 8 men: ie 75 men including Platoon Commanders, plus 16 in HQ group plus 17 T/Constables. That is 91 T/cadets. Sparrow (below) put the strength that day at 67 including officers
- A composite platoon from No1 and No3 Platoon was ordered to meet him on Union Quay at 19.30. The rest were to stand by in Barracks
- After waiting 20 minutes after that time, he realised something was wrong and eventually got through on the bad phone system at 20.30 and heard about the ambush
- He got an RIC Crossley to take him back to Victoria Barracks. He brought with him about 6 T/Cadets who he found in the town on leave
- He know of at least 6 ADRIC with passes. On pass, men wore civilian clothes. Platoon commanders may have given more passes
- However the hotel manager says that Latimer returned to the hotel at 20.30, collected the ADRIC men staying at the hotel and left. He could possibly had come on the RIC Crossley
- 21.10 He got to Barracks, and found that most of the T/Cadets were at the ambush scene
- He marched out of Barracks at 22.00 with the 55 men he had gathered. No Roll call was actually made. He says that they left all their transport in Barracks - but Jervois' evidence shows Latimers chauffeur accompanied him into town around 01.30, but there is no indication of whether they drove or not.
- They marched with the Military Curfew party. And they saw buildings burning, including the tramcar
- On arrival at the Bridewell, he conferred with OC Curfew (OC Curfew denies any such conversation, as do all army officers called to the enquiry)
- He then took his company to Grattan St/Court House to search the area that he believed the ambushers came from, less a party from these men detailed to go to the city to help the fire brigade
- He searched in this area until about 23.30, when the increase in fires over the City Centre prompted him to there to help
- In Patrick St he found fires blazing in Cash's, Grant's and the Munster Arcade on fire.
- He then split the Company into sections under Section Leaders and moved around himself to try to keep in touch with these sections
- 03.00 he received orders in writing from the Police Authority to withdraw his Company to Barracks. He ensured they all withdrew, but decided to leave a small party in Caroline St/GPO area to help with fires
- 03.00 ccording to the hotel manager, Latimer returned to the hotel with 4 ADRIC normally resident in the hotel, and went out again fairly quickly
- About 06.30 he was at the City Hall which was ablaze and at 06.45 he withdrew the last of his men
- The hotel manager says that Latimer returned at 06.30 and took the manager out with him. He heard explosions which could not have been gas as that had been turned off
DI2 T Sparrow - his evidence The main points of his evidence are
- 2nd in Command and Adjutant of the Company at Victoria Barracks, Cork.
- At 19.15, he was in the lead car at the Dillon Cross ambush, but mentions no injuries
- About 20.30 he got back to Barracks after securing the ambush area and tending to the wounded
- He was kept very busy with administrative duties inside the Barracks until 02.30 hours on Dec 12, when he went to bed
- He slept on the floor in the Gymnasium with the Cadets.
- He stated that the majority of men in K Coy had not been in Ireland more than a fortnight.
- On the 11th the Company strength was as follows. 67 Cadets including officers, and 16 Constables.
- Passes were issued on the day in question, to no more than a dozen men.
- The Temporary Constables were unreliable. They were because of circumstances accommodated with the cadets. The means of punishment given to the CO of the Company for a Temp Constable is limited to the imposition of a fine of £1.
- On the night in question one Temp Constable, a Sergeant , and six Temp Constables were on duty all night.
T/Cadet PF De Havilland - his evidence The main points of his evidence are
- He was in temporary command of No.3 Platoon which was 22 men that day
- 19.20 he left Barracks in a lorry with 11 of his men (presumably 2 in the cab and 10 on the back)
- 6 of his men were wounded in the ensuing Dillons Cross ambush
- 21.30 He got back to Barracks after searching local houses and tending to the wounded
- 22.00 He left barracks with about 11 men under orders from Col Latimer, and marched them down to the Bridewell
- From the Bridewell he moved to the Grattan St area and carried out searches
- At 01.00 he got orders from Col Latimer to assist in fire duties in Patrick St
- At 01.45 Latimer ordered him and his men back to Barracks, and he got there about 02.30 (the march took as long as he was lame). The guard report from Lt Still (below) indicates 03.30 a group of this size arriving on foot. I think that there is an error in timings, De Havilland must have got his orders to withdraw about 02.45 (see Latimer above) and got back at 03.30
- He and his men were searched by an officer on the Main Gate, and no loot was found on them. He returned to Barracks with the same 11 men that he had left with at 22.00
- The Company Intelligence Officer was in town that night, and he wold have had 6 ADRIC in plain clothes with him
- De Havilland saw no looting by any Crown Forces that night
T/Cadet RA Maloney - his evidence The main points of his evidence are
- A Section Commander in No.3 Platoon
- He was slightly wounded in the ambush, but was able to go out at 22.00 with De Havilland, and corroborates De Havilland's evidence
T/Cadet HJ Beresford - his evidence The main points of his evidence are
- He was on a pass, dined at Imperial Hotel, went to the pictures and returned to Barracks just before 22.00
- He changed into uniform and set off with T/Cadet Radford to catch up with Latimers group
- Radford was with him all the time, They caught up with Latimer in Patrick St, after 23.00.
- They were sent to assist firemen until just after 02.00, when they were sent back to Barracks, arriving about 02.45.
T/Cadet R Wilson - his evidence The main points of his evidence are
- A T/Cadet in No.2 Platoon
- He should have been on the ambushed Crossleys but missed their departure, and came on the ambush scene when walking down after them.
- He was in the group that Latimer took down to the Bridewell at 22.00
- He spent and hour after that carrying out searches in the Grattan area.
- Soon after 23.00 DI3 Wigan told them to go back to Barracks, and they arrived back soon after 24.00
- There were about 12 men in his group, including "T/Cadets Wakefield, Wheller, Tibby and Jones"
Evidence from 18 soldiers
Capt PH Hudson, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full . The main points of it are
- He was OC Curfew for Cork City. He had 6 officers, 52 Other Ranks, and Armoured Car and a Mobile Searchlight to patrol Cork
- 19.45 Ambush at Dillons Cross
- 19.50 A party of six men from the Hampshire regiment went to investigate, returning about 20.30
- 22.00 He saw a party of 50 Auxiliaries marching under control, and in fours, towards Dillon's Cross from Barracks. He thought that they were all wearing Tamoshanters
- 22.05 He found Grant's shop on fire, and thought that it had been on fire for about 30 minutes
- 23.00 A party of about 20 RIC arrive in Patrick St and police the area
- 23.50 Cash's shop on fire. At the same time 4 other fires sprung up in the same area
- 23.15 He saw an Auxiliary wearing a Tamoshanter with a red pompom breaking into a shop at junction of Patrick St and Grand Parade. The Auxiliary was drunk, armed and wanted to start a fire
- Soon after he was held up by 15 Auxiliaries with revolvers. He told them that the armoured car had been given orders to shoot them if they disobeyed the cars orders.
- 23.45 He phoned HQ with a situation report, saying that he could control the situation unless it got worse.
- He discovered a number of fresh fires in Cook St, Morgan St and the north side of George St.
- Looting seems to have started about 02.00
- 03.00 Situation serious. An officer was sent to report the situation to Brigade
- He need armoured cars to deal with the Auxiliaries, and also wanted Auxiliaries returning to Barracks searched for loot
- He did not see or talk to Latimer or any other ADRIC officer during the night.
2nd Lt HC Phillips, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full . The main points of his evidence are
- He was on Curfew duty with 1 NCO and 10 men
- On leaving Barracks at 22.00 they met a group of 20 ADRIC marching under control. They were armed with rifles and revolvers.
- There was a fire burning at the scene of Dillons Cross ambush
- On reaching Patrick St, he saw Grants shop was on fire, and he thought the fire had only started 10 minutes before that. An Auxiliary wearing a black Tamoshanter was inside the shop and waved at them
- At Patrick's Bridge he noticed a party of 15 RIC formed and under control
- 00.30 he was sent to stop looting at Mangans. He noticed shops in Munster Parade were burning
- There were number of Auxiliary police in the area who were standing about and did not appear to be under any control.
- At Cash's shop he saw 8 or 9 Auxiliaries stoking the fire there with flammable material
- He found an Auxiliary officer and more Auxiliaries. He told the officer to withdraw his men. About 20 fell in and marched off under the officer toward the GPO. A similar number ignored the command and remained, the officer explained he had no power over these men and nothing to do with them.
- He got to Mangan's Jewellery shop and found the it had been broken into, and placed a guard of 4 men on it. The guard later reported seeing about 20 Auxiliaries carrying loot in the direction of Patrick Bridge. The guard stopped them entering the shop.
- He met 2 men in civilian clothes in Patrick St, he stopped them and one said he was Col Latimer, he was wearing a heavy mufti coat and cap
- He returned to the Bridewell and reported to OC Curfew at about 01.00
- His duty ended at 05.45
L/Cpl GF Pye, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full . Main points from his evidence are
- An NCO in a patrol of 10 men under Lt Phillips (above) . He was on duty in the Bridewell , leaving Barracks at 22.00
- 22.30 a formed body of ADRIC were outside the Bridewell awaiting orders
- Shortly afterwards they moved off down Grand Parade, they appeared to have lost their formation
- Shortly after 24.00 he passed Cash's shop and saw 8 or 9 Auxiliaries inside the shop and piling boxes on the fire
- He then went into Mangans shop and posted 2 sentries. He found 3 men in RIC uniform inside, and ordered them out
- Between 12.30 and 01.00 heard an order given outside Cash's shop "Number one Company of the Auxiliary Police, fall in". The ADRIC men fell in and marched off towards the Post Office. Most of them were carrying large bundles.
- He then heard an order "Fall in RIC policemen" and about 6 fell in and marched towards Patrick Bridge. They were carrying bundles
- Near the GPO he saw a Wine & Spirit merchants burning, and civilians looting the liquor
- He saw some soldiers and 2 ADRIC using a hose to tackle the fire.
- He left the area at 05.00 and got back to Barracks at 05.50
Lt CH Ricketts, 2nd S Staffs - his evidence in full . Points from his evidence
- He was in charge of the Inlying Picquet of the S Staffs
- 21.40 he noticed a crowd of about 40 ADRIC and 12 soldiers just inside the Barracks. One of the Auxiliaries said "We are going to burn the place down". He was wearing a Tamoshanter cap, but some Auxiliaries were wearing field service caps
- He was on patrol in the city from about 03.00 to 07.45
- Between 04.00 and 05.00 he noticed 3 Auxiliary policemen in Patrick St. One fired a revolver into a burning house.
- In George St he noticed one Auxiliary giving valuable assistance to the fire brigade
Lt WM Bullick, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full. The main points of his evidence are
- He was on Curfew patrol, leaving Barracks at 22.00. On the way to the Bridewell he passed a formed body of about 30 Auxiliaries
- He noticed a tram burning in Patrick Stand passed what he assumed was the same formed group of Auxiliaries
- At about 23.45 he noticed a group of about 20 or 30 men outside Mangan's Shop. They were Auxiliaries, Black & Tans and RIC from the mix of uniforms.
- There were about 6 actually inside the shop, whom he took to be Auxiliaries. Outside he met another man wearing a Glengarry cap, mufti suit and a slung revolver.
- He returned to the Bridewell about 24.00 and remained there on duty until 05.00. No ADRIC nor RIC spoke to him in the Bridewell, and he never saw Major Latimer.
- Going off duty at 05.00 he saw 2 ADRIC doing good work assisting the firemen.
Lt CG Griffin, attd 2nd S Staffs - his evidence in full. The main points from his evidence are
- He had command of an NCO and 11 men
- On the way to the Bridewell to start their duty he passed a formed group of about 20 Auxiliaries
- At about 24.00 he met 8 or 9 Auxiliaries carry suitcases on Patrick Bridge
- Between 02.00 and 03.00 he stopped a Crossley car. It contained 5 Auxiliaries. One of whom said "I am a Captain of the Auxiliary Police and have come down to look at my men"
- He returned to Barracks at 05.00
Lt H Baggot, RE - his evidence in full.. Main points from his evidence were
- With the searchlight lorry
- He left barracks about 22.00 and passed a party of 20 or 30 Auxiliaries.
- Before getting to the Bridewell he passed 2 or 3 single members of the ADRIC
- At 23.20 he saw 4 men of the ADRIC cross the road near the Court House, and seeing a fire behind the courthouse, he investigated. He found a pile of burning bicycles on the road outside the Republican Bicycle Shop.
- Moving on at 23.30 he saw 2 ADRIC with bundles run down Old George St towards GPO.
- The night was quiet except for normal patrols of RIC or Army. His shift finished at 05.00
Lt JB Harvey, RFA - his evidence in full. Main points from his evidence were
- 17th Brigade Intelligence Officer on duty with the Curfew party at 22.00
- At 22.40 he saw a formed body of about 25 ADRIC outside the Bridewell apparently awaiting orders
- At 23.30 he saw 5 Auxiliaries running away in Cook St. He shouted for them to stop, but they got away, however dropping 2 bundles of looted goods.
- At 00.15 he saw from Patrick's Bridge some 15 regular RIC on the Quay carrying loot
- At Mangan's shop he stopped a Crossley having seen men running out of it. And in the shop men ran out, in civilian clothes, one with a trench coat and a khaki Balmoral
- He saw 3 RIC men about 04.00 run out of the City Hall, and inside he found a fire had just been started with petrol. As he only had 4 men, he could not contain the fire.
- He had no knowledge of speaking to Major Latimer during the night.
Lt RD Win sloe, attd 2nd S Staffs - his evidence in full. Main points of his evidence
- On Curfew duty, he left Barracks at 22.00
- On his way to the Bridewell , in a lorry, he noticed a fire in Grants Shop. A man in khaki and a Tamoshanter cap was in the shop, and carried a rifle
- 02.00 in Patrick St he saw some men dressed in khaki with black Tamoshanter caps smashing in a shop window with rifle butts
Lt HCC Newnham, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full. Main points from his evidence
- He left barracks at 22.15 with the last party of Auxiliaries, about 15 men under the command of DI3 Wigan. In other words he just attached himself to them, and was not part of an official Army Curfew patrol.
- They marched in a formed body to the Bridewell
- The scene outside the Bridewell appeared to be chaotic, and Lt Wigan decided to take his men off on a raid which he had been ordered to do.
- They raided Wrens Public House The bar had been broken into and Auxiliaries and civilians were drinking there. Wigan cleared them out
- It appears all Wigan's men except 1 had "disappeared"
- They passed O'Reilly's tobacco shop in Patrick St. Inside were some civilians and 3 Auxiliaries. The 3 Auxiliaries refused to leave for Wigan.
- Around 24.00 Newnham decided at this point to return to barracks, and left Wigan and his 1 Auxiliary on Patrick Bridge. Wigan was going to "collect his men"
- Newnham got back to Barracks at 00.45
- He describes the various uniforms around on the streets
Lt KRW Smithwick, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full. The main points of his evidence are
- About 21.30 Major Latimer came into the Mess and asked him to come as a guide in a series of arrests that Latimer wanted to make following the Dillons Cross ambush
- They left Barracks at 22.00 and Smithwick was with the rear No.2 Platoon under DI3 Wigan
- At Dillons Cross he moved ahead to join Major Latimer as his guide.
- When they got to the Bridewell, some Auxiliaries had already arrived
- There was "considerable confusion" so he dropped back to join Lt Newnham (above) and DI3 Wigan
- After 5 minutes DI3 Wigan decided it was useless waiting and decided to carry out a raid on Wrens Public House
- They turned 2 RIC men and 3 or 4 ADRIC men, who were drinking there, out of the bar
- Smithwick, Newnham, Wigan and 1 Auxiliary left Wrens. The rest of Wigans platoon appear to have vanished
- In Patrick St, they investigated O'Grady's shop and found civilians and 3 armed, drunk Auxiliaries. They appear to have been in civilian dress
- At Patrick's Bridge, Smithwick headed back to Barracks, and got back at 00.45
Sgt J Pearce, 2nd Hants - his evidence in full. The main points of his evidence
- Sgt on Main Gate at Victoria Barracks from 10.00 on 11 Dec to 10.00 on 12 Dec
- Just before 20.00 a Cadet ran into the Barracks and asked for the Guard to be called out as there had been an Ambush. The Sergeant refused.
- From 20.00 to 22.00 various ADRIC men came and went from the Barracks continually
- At 22.00 about 30 left together . They were not formed and were a "mob"
- 22.45 to 01.30 ADRIC men were coming back to Barracks, some drunk, but all appeared to be carrying loot
- At 01.30 an officer and men of S Staffs took over responsibility for the Gate.
- "I have nothing to do with the control of the Auxiliary Police"
CSM T Griffiths, MFP - his evidence in full. The main points of his evidence are
- A Military Foot Policeman on duty.
- 20.30 he saw a box of bombs owned by an Auxiliary on the road outside Victoria Barracks
- 21.00 outside Empress Place Police Barracks he saw about 15 ADRIC, 1 in civilian clothes, the rest in Trench coats and wearing Tamoshanters
- The ADRIC men called out to the RIC recruits "come on down and we are going to put the place up tonight". The men were straggling in no formation and spoke with English accents
Sgt TW Cripps, MFP - his evidence in full. The main points of his evidence are
- He was a MFP on duty on King St at about 21.15, when he saw a group of about 20 ADRIC wearing Tamoshanters and either trench coats or British warms
- They were firing rifles and revolvers and loosed two shots in his direction. They threatened him
- No other incident occurred until he was dismissed at 21.45
Lt Col J Dorgan, RAMC - his evidence in full . The main points of his evidence are
- 21.40 on King St, 2 ADRIC he passed 2 ADRIC with rifles
- He then passed 15 ADRIC wearing mufti, trench coats, firing revolvers indiscriminately. They were at the Patrick Bridge end of Patrick St.
- One, in mufti, held the Colonel up with a revolver, and was drunk. He was satisfied as to the Colonel's identity and let him proceed home.
2nd Lt GL Still, 2nd S Staffs - his evidence in full The main points from his evidence are
- From 02.30, on search duty at Barracks Main Gate with 1 NCO and 10 men
- 03.00 a lorry with 6 ADRIC and a drunk soldier arrived. No loot on them
- 03.30 about 10 ADRIC arrived on foot. They included one man dressed as a soldier who said he was an ADRIC driver. No loot on them
- 03.45 there were 2 more ADRIC on foot. No loot
- 06.00 he was off duty. No other men had arrived at Victoria Barracks between 02.30 and 06.00
Capt J Mooney, RGA
- Mooney was the Garrison Adjutant and produced a book that showed that there were no Army absentees from Barracks that night
Capt JN Scott - his evidence in full The main points of his evidence are
- He was only responsible for troops out of Barracks, and he had no responsibility for the ADRIC
- That night 2 soldiers were arrested for attempted robbery
Evidence from 5 RIC
DI2 Patrick Riordan, RIC - The main points are
- He was in charge of RIC in this area. They all had full RIC uniforms and were not allowed out unless on proper patrols
DI J Moran, RIC - his evidence in full . The main points from his evidence are
- He was on duty in the city centre
- He saw 3 ADRIC who told him they were detached from their party, and he pointed them the way to go to find Major Latimer.
- He must have seen/spoken to Latimer
- He saw no indiscipline by Crown Forces. He arrested one civilian looter, and his men charged a small crowd of civilians in Winthrop St
Head Constable J Brown, RIC - his evidence in full The main points are
- He produced a report from the Superintendent of Cork Fire Brigade
DI1 JT Taggert, RIC - his evidence in full The main points are
- He had 3 sgts and 6 constables lock all RIC recruits in the Soldiers Home all night.
- None could have got in or out, and all had full RIC uniform
Head Constable J Dunne, RIC - his evidence in full The main points are
- He was in charge of the RIC recruits in the Soldiers Home
- He locked the building personally and slept in it. No RIC recruits could have got in or out.
Evidence from 9 civilians
George Willens, ex-soldier - his evidence . The main points are
- He was an ex-soldier living in Dillons Cross
- About 19.30 His furniture was taken from his house and burnt by three men
- One wore a warm overcoat and Tamoshanter cap. one was wearing a black, stiff RIC cap and another in soldier's uniform with 3 medals. He had 2 badges on his left arm. They were all armed with revolvers.
Bartholomew Mahoney, civilian - his evidence. The main points of his evidence are
- He lived in Ballyhooley Road
- At 06.00 on 12 Dec. 4 men pulled him from his house and threatened him
- One was dressed in khaki raincoat and a service dress cap, and appeared to be an officer. The other three were wearing kilts, and no overcoats (one had a Glengarry and the other two Tamoshanters with a brown tassel)
- All except the officer were armed with revolvers
- After threatening to kill him they let him go
- After they left he noticed a watch and money were missing
Lena Mahoney, civilian - her evidence
- The wife of B Mahoney (above)
- She confirms exactly what her husband said
A Compton Freeman, civilian, manager Imperial hotel - his evidence . The main points of his evidence are
- Latimer and 5 Auxiliaries were staying at the Imperial Hotel
- 2 other members of the ADRIC had dinner that night in the Imperial (these appear to be Beresford and Radford, from Beresford's evidence to the Strickland Enquiry)
- Latimer returned to the hotel at 20.30, collected the ADRIC men staying at the hotel and left , but 2 remained in the hotel for a short while
- 03.00 Latimer returned to the hotel with 4 ADRIC normally resident in the hotel, and went out again fairly quickly
- The 4 men with Latimer returned without Latimer at 05.00, they had apparently been working on stopping the fire at the Munster Arcade. And one of these went back out fairly soon "to stop looting"
- Latimer returned at 06.30 and took the manager out with him. He heard explosions which could not have been gas as that had been turned off
Francis Jervois, civilian, "of independent means" guest at Imperial Hotel - his evidence in full . A strange "civilian" out on patrol with the ADRIC, I assume he was Secret Service. The main points of his evidence were
- 21.30 he was in the Imperial Hotel where he was staying and saw a fire break out in area of Patrick St
- 01.30 he went into town with Major Heathcote, Major Latimer's chauffeur
- 02.00 he stopped 3 RIC men near Wrens bar. They had much loot on them. He made them return the loot
- He helped with fire fighting until 05.00 when he returned to the Imperial Hotel
- He saw at least 6 Auxiliaries helping with the fire
- He thought the fire brigade inefficient and some were drunk
Stephen Powell, civilian, of Patrick St, Cork - his evidence in full . The main points of his evidence are
- He was the Managing Director of Mangan's Jewellers in Patrick St and was living above the shop
- 22.05, they saw the tram on fire outside
- About 22.30 men broke into Mangan's shop. There were about 10 men. One was in officer's dress. One wore a grey civilian suit. The rest appear to have been dressed in various uniforms including khaki Tamoshanter
- They made him open the strong room and they ransacked the strong room and shop
- They appear to have been in the shop about an hour. When Powell eventually went down he found an military guard had been placed on the shop to prevent more looting
Mrs Louisa Gaffney, civilian - her evidence in full . Her main points of evidence are
- She lived in the Munster Arcade. She noticed the fire in Grant's shop about 22.00
- 23.30 she left Munster Arcade as it was set on fire
- She was stopped by a group of about 10 men. One "an officer" in khaki with a service dress cap, one a Highlander in a kilt, 2 Black & Tans,
- She eventually got to a safe haven in Marlboro St. On the way she saw a number of men in assorted uniforms carrying loot
Pastor FW Gracey, civilian - his evidence in full The main points of his evidence were
- On his way back from a sick call, about 22.00, he was walking along Partick St, towards Patrick Bridge
- He was held at revolver point by a group of 3 or 4 men outside Evans Book Shop. At least one was in civilian clothes
- When they read his pass one said "There was an ambush tonight, Sir, and that is why we are on the streets now"
- As he left he heard them smashing Evans windows
- At Patrick Bridge he saw a group of the same sort of men having an altercation with the crew of a tramcar, and a little while later saw the tram burning at the Matthew statue
- At this time he saw the fire at Grants
- Between 23.00 and 24.00 he saw a group of men in long black overcoats and Tamoshanters, break into Mangans shop. He was able to see it close up with his binoculars
- The men who broke into Mangans went off got bags, returned, filled the bags with loot and went off over Patrick Bridge in the direction of Bridge St
- Between 23.00 and 24.00 a lorry load of ADRIC drove down Camden Quay firing indiscriminately
Liam de Rojate, civilian, MP for Cork - his evidence
- He refused to recognise the court and said nothing
The Burning of Cork